Integration http://integration.org.ua/ Sun, 15 May 2022 12:00:28 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://integration.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/cropped-icon-32x32.png Integration http://integration.org.ua/ 32 32 The ECOWAS Court proposes strategies to strengthen the integration of the region https://integration.org.ua/the-ecowas-court-proposes-strategies-to-strengthen-the-integration-of-the-region/ Sun, 15 May 2022 12:00:28 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/the-ecowas-court-proposes-strategies-to-strengthen-the-integration-of-the-region/

The ECOWAS Court of Justice has recommended viable solutions that should be adopted by Member States to strengthen the ECOWAS regional integration agenda.

The ECOWAS Court presented the recommendations in a statement on Sunday at the end of its week-long international conference in Praia, Cape Verde, aimed at strengthening regional integration through an effective judicial system.

The News Agency of Nigeria reports that the recommendations followed fruitful deliberations by as many as 250 participants, including judges from member states, experts, academics, among others.

Participants made recommendations in all areas of ECOWAS mandates aimed at strengthening West Africa’s integration agenda.

The statement noted that each state is guided by laws enshrined in the constitution and must ensure that these laws are respected and implemented, hence the importance of the role of the ECOWAS Court.

“It is recommended that the supranational characteristics of ECOWAS be strengthened by strengthening the powers of the Commission and granting the Court jurisdiction to hear cases brought by individuals in accordance with ECOWAS laws.

“The deadlines are barely respected by ECOWAS, which weighs down the integration process and the expectations.

“It is recommended that a monitoring and evaluation mechanism be put in place to continuously assess the state of readiness of each Member State vis-à-vis the objectives set.

“(It’s) for the purpose of helping those who are not engaged or making good progress towards the goals.

“It is recommended that ECOWAS put in place a system to monitor Member States’ implementation of community laws and to strengthen regulatory functions and commonality.

(It is) in order to achieve a higher degree of supranationalism necessary for integration.

“Member States and ECOWAS should strive to give ECOWAS citizens the opportunity to play a greater role in the integration process.

“This should be done by taking measures to ensure political stability and the creation of a legal environment conducive to the implementation of economic integration policies.”

With regard to investments, he urged Member States, host communities and investors to explore the dispute resolution mechanism of the ECOWAS Court in accordance with the ECOWAS Investment Code.

He noted that this would enhance foreign direct investment in the Community.

“Member States shall ensure the smooth implementation of the ECOWAS Investment Policy and Codes as the single economic legal framework for the promotion, facilitation, protection and sustainable cross-border investment.”

Regarding the judicial system, he urged Member States and the ECOWAS Commission to take steps to harmonize the legal and judicial systems of the Community.

This, he explained, would be in line with the Revised Treaty and promote synergy between the ECOWAS Court and national jurisdictions.

“There should be frequent judicial dialogue between the judges of the ECOWAS Court and the municipal judges of the Member States,” they recommended.

He also recommended that the ECOWAS Commission “take the necessary measures to trigger the mechanism of sanctions against Member States that do not fulfill their community obligations”.

The conference urged Member States to establish a peer review mechanism, such as the African Union Peer Review Mechanism, to monitor Member States’ compliance with their community obligations.

(NOPE)

]]> Native Americans | Like Canada: US Government Report Reveals How Forced Tribal Integration Killed Over 500 Children https://integration.org.ua/native-americans-like-canada-us-government-report-reveals-how-forced-tribal-integration-killed-over-500-children/ Fri, 13 May 2022 23:02:14 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/native-americans-like-canada-us-government-report-reveals-how-forced-tribal-integration-killed-over-500-children/

At dawn United States, The government accepted the responsibility of separating children from Native American families and taking them to boarding schools. The goal was to integrate them into the nation’s new culture.

However, the effect is disastrous. Torture, labor exploitation and death.

Learn more | Fertilizers: the European Union and the United States aim to ensure food security

“Country” Gives details:They were taken from the hands of their parents, they changed their names, they cut their hair, they were prevented from speaking their language or following their religion and their customs and they were imposed a defensive discipline. Many did not survive and were buried next to the schools where they remained.”.

This information was provided by the US Secretary of the Interior Deb HollandWhose “paternal grandparents“They were sent to one of these boarding schools run by the federal government in conjunction with religious organizations and institutions.

The consequences of federal residential school policies are heartbreaking and undeniable, including the generational trauma caused by family separation and the cultural elimination of children under the age of four.“, Under control.

Full day visit to the Indian industrial boarding school at Mt Pleasant. Photo taken June 30, 1893, from a statement released by the US government. Image Collection Alice Littlefield, Saginaw Chippewa Indian Aborigines in Michigan, Anishinabe Culture and Lifeways Giving Center.

Holland speaks Mandatory integration He also announced that 408 federal schools from 1819 to 1969 would be investigated.

So far it is It is known that more than 500 children died and were buried. “Marked or unmarkedAbout 53 schools. Everything indicates that you just have to keep digging to find many more.

The report also notes that these children were working. “Livestock, agriculture, poultry, milking, fertilization, logging, brick making; cooking, making clothes”. But, “Under cover of an alleged education”, Child labor checked.

Y-collaboration:

Rules were often enforced through punishment, including corporal punishment such as solitary confinement, flogging, starvation, whipping, slapping, and handcuffs. […] Older Indian children were sometimes forced to punish younger ones.”.

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US Secretary of the Interior Debb Holland made the investigation public. PA / Ivan Wucci

Regarding church involvement, the report notes:

central government [también mantuvo] Relations with religious institutions and organizations [sostener] Federal Boarding School of India. Native reservations were divided among the major religious denominations and, as never before, the federal government was granted the right to delegate power to religious organizations. […] Guide educational activities”.

And adds:

Under the federal residential school system, [se] Agreements have been reached with various organizations and religious organizations, including American Missionary Association of Congregational Church, Foreign Mission Board of Presbyterian Church, National Mission Board of Presbyterian Church, Office of Catholic Missions of India and Protestant Episcopal Church “Each student must pay a certain amount‘”.

Possible reaction

Similar situations have occurred in other parts of the world. For example, during the dictatorship in Argentina, they took the children of saboteurs who were supposed to be “not guerrillas” – in fact, only leftists.Comments The Hernான்n Molina, an Argentine researcher in the United States.

Thus, many children live in military homes or with well-known families.”.

But since the investigation led by Hollande comes from the ruling party, the government should consider apologizing. “I think they will apologize and come up with plans to make up for the damageadds Molina.

More in the world | Finland wants NATO members ‘without delay’ and will announce its decision on Sunday

It wouldn’t be innovative.

“The world” explains: “The whites being reduced to living on the reservation, the Indians obtained many exclusive rights and exercised them to their advantage: these territories were subject to the jurisdiction of each tribe and had the privilege of administering a large number of racing games with a relative freedom due to a significant lack of legal regulation.”.

It’s about Indigenous Lands Gambling Regulation Act 1998. The Idea At Least 60% of Income”Assigned to projects that improve the living conditions of communities”.

Although it is difficult to know the next move of Vin Biden Administration, Molina believes that there can be no criticism of the Republican opposition. There are two main reasons.

I don’t think they’re against it ’cause they’re in such a state North and South Dakota, Montana or North CarolinaNow there’s tribes that’ve been through what’s doomed”.

And, politically, it was a mistake. However, defenders can offer other perspectives to solve this type of problem.”.

Except

Sexual abuse

In the United States, Native womenThey are 2.5 times more likely to experience sexual violence than any other race“, ர சி து”El Diario.es“With information from the US judicial system. Besides,”In at least 86% of cases of rape or sexual assault of tribal women, the perpetrators claim that the perpetrators are non-tribal men.“.

Previous

Everything leads us to believe that the State’s investigation The president of the United States, Joe Biden, Derived from something that happened in Canada Last year.

In May, the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Peoples (FSIN) Report published in it, he said he found British ColumbiaRemains of 215 tribal children in the garden of a boarding school”.

No need to dig too deep to find similar cases. In June, they discovered “751 unmarked graves in a mass grave at a boarding schoolLocated in the province SaskatchewanLocation Marywal Tribal Boarding School.

These results gave meaning to what was discussed many years ago. truth and reconciliation commission.

View | US says Moscow forcibly evacuated thousands of Ukrainians to Russia

Between 18962 and 1998, the BBC reports:More than 150,000 Indigenous children were separated from their families and enrolled in government residential schools in Canada.“It was run by the Catholic Church.

The media recalls that boys and girls lived in poorly constructed buildings –”Badly heated and unsanitary– and under formal pressure to stop speaking their language and abandon their habits.

The effect of abuse Under control The CVR estimates that six thousand children died.

The Canadian government, knowing what was happening, took to the field. Its Prime Minister Justin TrudeauAnnouncement:

Many were neglected and did not have enough food, clothing or shelter. Others were victims of physical, psychological and sexual harassment. All have lost the love and care of their parents, family and community”.

To all of you, we are sorry”.

However, his apologies were not accepted. “One of the Indigenous groups impacted by school trips to the Grand Chief of In Nation, Newfoundland and Labrador, Greg Rich”. The answer :

If we apologize for only a small part of our experience, our adults are not ready to accept it.”.

And only in April of this year, The Catholic Church Excuse. “All this provoked my anger and shame,” Detained Pope Francisco After the meeting Indigenous Canadians from Inuit, Métis and First Nations told him about the torture and abuse they suffered in residential schools.”.

the Sovereign Pontiff Added:

I was very upset and apologized to the bishops because it was clear that the faith could not be transmitted by something that completely deviated from the same faith. It is terrible if an act against the gospel takes place in the name of faith”.

Except

LGBT minorities

Between 2003 and 2005, Amnesty International investigated the situation of violence against the LGTBIQ+ community by security forces and published it under the title “.Stone Wall. Constantly demanding respect”, given the violations and other malfeasance. In his results, he is alone ”Gender discrimination is often associated with other forms of discrimination, such as race and class“; And despite that”Some positive efforts on the part of justice“, the community continues”Serious police abuse, in some cases, amounts to torture and ill-treatment”.

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Regional integration is key to transforming Africa’s fragmented economies – Karingi https://integration.org.ua/regional-integration-is-key-to-transforming-africas-fragmented-economies-karingi/ Fri, 13 May 2022 11:44:09 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/regional-integration-is-key-to-transforming-africas-fragmented-economies-karingi/

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Stephen Karingi

Regional integration remains key to transforming Africa’s fragmented economies, says Stephen Karingi, Director of the Regional Integration and Trade Division at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.

African countries should therefore harness the opportunities embedded in integration initiatives such as the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) to foster post-Covid19 economic recovery and transformation.

Mr. Karingi made the remarks during the presentation of an assessment of the progress of regional integration in Africa during the expert group meeting at the ongoing 54th session of the Conference of African Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (CoM2022) in Dakar, Senegal.

He said that while commendable progress had been made in advancing integration agendas, challenges remained.

“With regard to trade integration, progress has been made in boosting intra-African trade, such as the adoption of industrialization policies and strategies. But Africa continues to trade more with the outside world than with itself,” Mr. Karingi noted.

The ECA Director noted that macroeconomic integration and convergence were key to accelerating intra-regional trade. Five regional economic communities (COMESA, EAC, ECCAS, ECOWAS and SADC) already have primary macroeconomic convergence criteria.

But “Africa’s integration and socio-economic development are hampered by huge infrastructure gaps. Integration of production on the continent remains uneven and weak,” he added.

During the meeting, delegates from Egypt, Namibia, Burkina Faso and Benin raised concerns about the continent’s slow pace of integration and the continent’s preparedness to deal with the consequences of Covid19 and the Ukrainian crisis.

A delegate from Egypt asked how the Ukrainian crisis had affected the prices of basic commodities such as wheat and fertilizers and whether African countries could unite their efforts in the international market.

Mr. Karingi acknowledged that the Ukrainian crisis had led to an increase in the price of fertilizers. One suggestion was that countries like Morocco, Kenya and Algeria could accept fertilizer orders from other African countries and offer competitive prices for purchases.

On why African countries are still competing with each other when they should be integrating since the launch of the AfCFTA – a question raised by a delegate from Namibia – Mr. Karingi said that the integration process was hampered by infrastructural, financial and political difficulties. such as the rules of origin which are a challenge for an open common market.

“The solutions offered by Africa should survive the current shocks facing the continent and face future challenges. Political will must be addressed and dialogue within countries (must be encouraged),” Mr. Karingi said.

Mr. Karingi said that a concerted effort was needed from all RECs, key partners and stakeholders to address the challenges of integration.

African countries, he said, should implement the AfCFTA to build the resilience of African countries to withstand future economic shocks and maintain sustainable growth in the post-Covid 19 era.

Mr. Karingi said that ECA would continue to support member States, RECs, AUC and the AfCFTA Secretariat in the implementation of the agreement and other integration frameworks such as BIATS, the FMP protocol; and would continue to provide technical support, including for ARIA X and ZLECAf-CER interface reports.

Source: CEA

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EDITORIAL: Integration with China is a dead end https://integration.org.ua/editorial-integration-with-china-is-a-dead-end/ Wed, 11 May 2022 16:00:00 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/editorial-integration-with-china-is-a-dead-end/

Former Vice President Annette Lu (呂秀蓮) explained on Saturday her idea of ​​replacing “unification” with China with “integration”.

Doesn’t Lu think the idea would be welcome in its current form; rather, she wants to spark a discussion on a third way out of the current impasse between unification and independence, especially given the heightened concerns about China’s attack on Taiwan following the invasion of Ukraine by Russia.

She apparently framed her ideas around the number “three”.

First, she envisions cross-Strait relations developing in three stages: getting Beijing to abandon the idea of ​​unifying a “one China” (一個中國); then replacing this with “integration” of a more abstract entity “one China” (一個中華) – the difference in the final Chinese character is essential, as it implies ethnicity rather than state or nation – along EU or ASEAN lines; and finally moving on to the formation of a “Chinese Federation” (中華邦聯) which would include Singapore.

Singapore’s inclusion betrays a lack of understanding of that nation’s longstanding policy of careful calibration of ethnic balance: Singapore would have great reservations about joining a “Chinese nation” alliance.

Second, she would like to see a “golden triangle of Northeast Asia” including Taiwan, Japan and South Korea, as well as the formation of an “Alliance of Pacific Democracies” that would include the aforementioned group. , plus the United States and Canada on the other side. of the Pacific. She would also like these two alliances to balance each other, as well as the US-China relationship and the cross-Strait relationship.

Lu also put forward his “Three Wars” (三戰說) concept of “keeping peace, avoiding war, avoiding bloodshed” – the same idea expressed in three different ways – or the idea of “preparing for war” (備戰), which includes facing war (面對戰爭), recognizing what war is (認識戰爭), and avoiding war (避免戰爭).

A response can also come from three directions.

First, taken at face value, an idea that could genuinely resolve the current impasse and avert war should be seen as a desirable addition to the debate. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Taiwanese have seen in Ukraine how naive the idea of ​​a quick conclusion to any possible invasion of Taiwan is and how brutal, long and costly in human life and economically devastating it would be.

Lu intends to reduce tensions with his idea of ​​offering an alternative roadmap to Beijing – it could at the very least buy more time for other options to be explored – and to develop his suggested network of balancing alliances that would also strengthen Taiwan’s voice internationally in a uniquely Asian way and not too dependent on the United States.

Second, the political perspective. Lu has long been associated with the Democratic Progressive Party, but her speeches about rapprochement with the CCP and her “provocative” moves are closer to the approach of the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) and its suspicions of the strategic policy of President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文). proximity to the United States. It also reflects Russian President Vladimir Putin’s accusations that the United States and NATO forced his hand by invading Ukraine.

The third is the biggest flaw in his thinking. His veiled accusations of provocation completely ignore the role of the CCP and Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平), not only in being the aggressor, but also in believing that he would accept his ideas or be trusted to honor them at the future.

Even though Beijing has signaled tentative interest in the idea, the CCP is notorious for its unreliability and its phasing out of agreed terms to achieve what it wanted in the first place.

Lu is right to want to avoid war, but she is surprisingly naive in the solution she offers due to her apparent misunderstanding of what the CCP wants from Taiwan.

Reconciliation may buy time, but as a solution to securing long-term peace or protecting Taiwan’s sovereignty, independence or identity, it is a dead end.

Comments will be moderated. Keep comments relevant to the article. Remarks containing abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the user banned. The final decision will be at the discretion of The Taipei Times.

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Scholz and Macron to relaunch the Franco-German engine of European integration – EURACTIV.com https://integration.org.ua/scholz-and-macron-to-relaunch-the-franco-german-engine-of-european-integration-euractiv-com/ Tue, 10 May 2022 04:03:17 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/scholz-and-macron-to-relaunch-the-franco-german-engine-of-european-integration-euractiv-com/

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and French President Emmanuel Macron have pledged to step up the Franco-German tandem and lead Europe down the path of reform to enable a stronger and more sovereign EU.

After presenting his vision for Europe at the conclusion of the conference on the future of Europe on Monday 9 May, Mr Macon traveled to Berlin to discuss the implementation of the reform recommendations of the EU.

In light of current challenges – in particular the war of Russian aggression – “French-German partnership and friendship are more important than ever as a driving force and source of inspiration for the European project”, Scholz said during of the press conference.

The two leaders announced that they wanted to intensify bilateral consolations on EU reform and speak with one voice. The two Heads of State have therefore announced a joint consultation of ministers which should take place the day after the French legislative elections in early July.

“I hope that we will again strengthen coordination at the bilateral level and that a Franco-German Council of Ministers will take place in the coming weeks,” Macron said.

Analysts say this could be a game-changer.

“The Franco-German council of ministers, which is being held after the legislative elections in France, could be a starting point for a relaunch of European reconstruction,” said Marc Uzan, director of the Center for European Policy in Paris, at EURACTIV.

Macron teases an alternative to EU enlargement

French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday May 9 presented a proposal for a new “European political community” that would allow Ukraine and other countries currently outside the EU framework to be more closely associated with the EU. .

EU reform?

Both leaders agreed that the current situation requires decisive decisions. While many of the Future Conference’s recommendations would be achievable within the current treaty framework, “there are other issues that require profound change,” Macron said.

Macron is therefore also pushing for a convent which could lead to treaty changes. A similar path was also envisaged in the German coalition agreement, which called for using the conference results as a “constitutional moment” for the EU which should lead to “further development towards a federal European state”.

However, Scholz showed some reluctance to reiterate these ambitious goals, stating that “we would agree” if “consensus could be found” on treaty reform.

“Greater efficiency can also be achieved in Europe without having to jump straight to treaty changes,” Scholz said. He stressed that “it would be important” to move to majority voting in EU foreign policy matters, which is already possible under the existing treaty – a move also strongly supported by Macron.

Towards a multi-speed Europe?

The call for EU reform launched by the Conference on the Future of Europe triggered a strong reaction from Eastern European and Scandinavian member states.

Thirteen member states said in a joint document that they would not “support reckless and premature attempts to launch a treaty change process”.

Macron indirectly responded to these concerns during his speech to the European Parliament on Monday by opting for a Europe of other speeds.

“I am well aware of the fears of a multi-speed Europe,” Macron said, adding that the “most skeptical or hesitant” should not slow Europe down. This is what “will allow our Europe to assert itself as a power”, he underlined.

Macron also pleaded for a multi-speed Europe that would allow for more flexible integration of the European neighborhood – especially when it comes to the Western Balkans or Ukraine and the UK. According to Macron, this could take the form of a “European political community”.

This concept would imply the possibility of establishing closer cooperation with countries that are geographically close and “attached to the same set of values ​​as us” without going through the long process of enlargement, Macron said.

While this political community would not close the doors to EU membership, it would provide a platform for political rapprochement and partial integration without formally being part of the bloc.

Scholz called the proposal an “interesting approach to tackling the great challenges ahead of us.”

However, Scholz also stressed that this approach should not hamper the accession process of the current candidate countries in the Western Balkans, such as North Macedonia.

Overall, Scholz underlined that “we want to reach concrete agreements very quickly in order to move forward with our EU integration and with regard to the Western Balkans”.

Von der Leyen hints at support for EU treaty change

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has hinted that she could support changes to the EU treaties, if necessary to implement the recommendations of the Conference’s citizens’ panels on the Future of Europe (CoFoE).

[Edited by Alice Taylor]

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Quality education for all in Serbia – Publication of “Guidelines for the integration of the reference framework of competences in selected subjects of the national curricula” https://integration.org.ua/quality-education-for-all-in-serbia-publication-of-guidelines-for-the-integration-of-the-reference-framework-of-competences-in-selected-subjects-of-the-national-curricula/ Fri, 06 May 2022 14:11:00 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/quality-education-for-all-in-serbia-publication-of-guidelines-for-the-integration-of-the-reference-framework-of-competences-in-selected-subjects-of-the-national-curricula/

In order to show how the Reference Framework of Competences for a Democratic Culture (RFCDC) can be integrated into selected subjects of primary and secondary education, experts from the Institute for the Improvement of Education, in coordination with advisers from the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development and the Institute for Educational Quality and Evaluation, prepared the unique “Guidelines for the integration of the RFCDC in certain subjects of the national curricula”. The experts benefited from an introductory mentoring session by an education expert from Andorra, the most advanced country in integrating the Framework into the formal education system.

The guidelines provide an analysis of the curricula, a mapping of the link with the RFCDC and provide examples on how to develop competences for democratic culture (CDC) through the teaching of subjects bearing in mind the education cycle. Examples are given through the following subjects: Serbian language/Serbian language and literature, mathematics, world around us/basics of science and society, foreign language, history, geography, physics, chemistry, psychology and civic education. To make it easier for teachers to assess how well their teaching practice is developing CDC, the authors created an assessment checklist for education professionals.

With the guidelines and the soon-to-be-accredited online and in-person continuing education for teachers, teachers in Serbia will have resources like few other countries in Europe have in terms of integrating the framework into the system. education, and which is now also part of the official education strategy 2030 of the Republic of Serbia.

The guidelines are available online in English and Serbian.

The Quality Education for All action is implemented within the framework of the European Union/Council of Europe Joint Program “Horizontal Facility for Western Balkans and Turkey 2019-2022”.

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The Jesuit economist urges African governments to prioritize the integration of regional economies. https://integration.org.ua/the-jesuit-economist-urges-african-governments-to-prioritize-the-integration-of-regional-economies/ Thu, 05 May 2022 16:26:27 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/the-jesuit-economist-urges-african-governments-to-prioritize-the-integration-of-regional-economies/ UN Secretary-General António Guterres has been visiting Senegal, Niger and Nigeria since May 1, 2022. During these visits, he called for debt relief so that African governments can invest in social security and sustainable development. Jesuit economist Fr. Abel Béranger Ndjoumon spoke to Vatican News and urged African leaders to prioritize regional economic partnerships.

Stanislas Kambashi, SJSJ – Vatican City

An Ivorian economist and Jesuit priest, Father Abel Ndjoumon Jessasi is a staff member of the Jesuit Center for Research and Action for Peace (CERAP) in Côte d’Ivoire.

Appreciating the visit of the UN Secretary General to Africa, Fr. Ndjoumon said that the debt cancellation proposed by the UN Secretary General would undoubtedly be a good deal for African governments. However, the fundamental problem for many countries on the continent remains that of good governance.

“Indeed, for almost twenty years, issues of debt relief for African countries have been under discussion, and ways out of debt have been proposed by various experts,” Ndjoumon said. More importantly, he believes that African governments must first do some introspection and assessment of the decline of African economies.

The triple African crisis: food, energy and finance

In Dakar, the Secretary General of the United Nations evoked the triple crisis which threatens the African continent because of the conflict in Ukraine: food, energy and financial crisis.

Speaking in Dakar, the capital of West African country Senegal, on his first visit to the continent since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, Mr. Guterres said: “When discusses the socio-economic situation, it is impossible not to mention the war in Ukraine and its impact on Africa.The UN chief made the remarks after meeting with the country’s President, Macky Sall, who declared that the war in Ukraine was “a human tragedy” which can have “a dramatic impact on economies, especially those of developing countries”.

Conflict in Ukraine drives up global food and fuel prices; Senior UN officials fear rising costs could push more people to hunger and lead to political instability and social unrest in parts of Africa, where food prices have risen a third since last year.

Before the start of the Russian invasion in February, the combination of climate change, conflict and the COVID-19 pandemic was already impacting the socio-economic situation in Africa, particularly in the Sahel region, which includes the Senegal.

Greater integration of economies

Father Ndjoumon recognizes the crises but also sees it as an opportunity for African countries. He believes that it is time for African governments to move towards greater integration of economies at regional and continental levels. He insists that Africa should not rely solely on international financial institutions, important as these institutions are for financing.

“This diversification of partnerships will help by opening up many opportunities for our economies. If states do not remain fragmented but can open their borders to the free movement of people, goods and services, this would unlock immense potential,” the Jesuit Economist said.

Consequences of ECOWAS Sanctions

Father Ndjoumon deplored the sanctions imposed by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in Mali, Guinea and Burkina Faso. He said the sanctions imposed by ECOWAS would have repercussions on the target economies in the region. However, the effects would not be limited to countries in political transition. They would be felt even in countries that share borders and are in trade partnership with them. By restricting the movement of people, goods, services and financial means, the already vulnerable population would unfortunately continue to suffer the consequences, the pain and the deeds of the decisions made by their leaders.

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UN chief backs integration of insurgents in Nigeria, calls it key to peace | world news https://integration.org.ua/un-chief-backs-integration-of-insurgents-in-nigeria-calls-it-key-to-peace-world-news/ Tue, 03 May 2022 18:55:00 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/un-chief-backs-integration-of-insurgents-in-nigeria-calls-it-key-to-peace-world-news/

MAIDUGURI, Nigeria (Reuters) – UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on Tuesday he fully supported moves to expand facilities to reintegrate Islamist insurgents crossing into northeast Nigeria, as it was a key step in achieving peace in Africa’s most populous nation.

Nigeria has been fighting the Islamist group Boko Haram and its branch of the Islamic State of West Africa Province (ISWAP) for more than a decade, in a conflict that has killed thousands and forced millions of people to flee their homes.

As part of efforts to end the conflict, the government is reintegrating combatants who voluntarily surrender.

Borno State Governor Babagana Zulum said at least 40,000 Boko Haram fighters and their families have surrendered to authorities since last year as the group reels from the death of its leader in early 2021 and that its rival ISWAP seeks to absorb them.

Political cartoons about world leaders

António Guterres, who visited a camp housing surrendered fighters and another housing displaced people in the Borno state capital, Maiduguri, later told a press conference that the integration would help achieve peace.

“The governor told me that you need to create new facilities to be able to effectively reintegrate these ex-terrorists, ex-combatants, and I promised that we would fully support this project,” said António Guterres.

“The best thing we can do for peace is to reintegrate those who, in a moment of desperation, became terrorists but now want to become citizens and contribute to the well-being of their brothers and sisters.”

The reintegration of fighters is creating tensions, particularly in Maiduguri, where weary citizens have borne the brunt of more than a decade of brutal Boko Haram attacks.

António Guterres called for continued humanitarian support to Borno, but added that ultimately people in the camps wanted to return home “in safety and dignity”.

The Borno state government began closing some camps for internally displaced people in December, citing improved security and the surrender of Boko Haram fighters, although aid groups say it is still not safe for people to return home. (This story refiles to correct first name in signature)

(Reporting by Seun Sanni in Maiduguri and Maiduguri Newsroom; Writing by MacDonald Dzirutwe; Editing by Leslie Adler)

Copyright 2022 Thomson Reuters.

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Integration Brokerage Software Market Size, Share, Growth 2022-2030 | Key players – SPS, APIANT, Covisint, EDICOM – Queen Anne and Mangolia News https://integration.org.ua/integration-brokerage-software-market-size-share-growth-2022-2030-key-players-sps-apiant-covisint-edicom-queen-anne-and-mangolia-news/ Mon, 02 May 2022 04:35:27 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/integration-brokerage-software-market-size-share-growth-2022-2030-key-players-sps-apiant-covisint-edicom-queen-anne-and-mangolia-news/

New Jersey, United States,- The Global Integration Brokerage Software Market is comprehensively and thoroughly examined in the report, focusing on the competitive landscape, regional growth, market segmentation, and market dynamics. For the preparation of this in-depth research study, we have used the latest primary and secondary research techniques. The report provides Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, Push Analysis, Competitor Analysis, Manufacturing Cost Analysis, Sales and Production Analysis and various other types of analysis for To provide a comprehensive overview of the Global Integration Brokerage Software Market. Each segment of the global Integration Brokerage Software market is carefully analyzed on the basis of market share, CAGR, and other significant factors. The global Integration Brokerage Software market is also presented statistically using annual growth, CAGR, sales, production, and other significant calculations.

We can customize the report to your liking. Our analysts are experts in studying and analyzing the Onboarding Brokerage Software market and have extensive experience in customizing reports, having served tons of clients so far. The main purpose of preparing the research study is to inform you about the future challenges and opportunities in the market. The report is one of the best resources that you can use to secure yourself a strong position in the global Integration Brokerage Software Market.

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Our report contains current and latest market trends, company market shares, market forecasts, competition benchmarking, competition mapping and an in-depth analysis of the most important sustainability tactics and their impact on market growth and competition. To estimate the quantitative aspects and to segment the global Integration Brokerage Software market, we have used a recommended combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches. We have examined the global integration brokerage software market from three key angles through data triangulation. Our iterative and comprehensive research methodology helps us deliver the most accurate market forecasts and estimates with minimal errors.

Major Players Covered by Integration Brokerage Software Markets:

  • SPS
  • PLEASE
  • Covisint
  • EDICOM
  • NeoGrid
  • Oracle

Integration Brokerage Software Market Split By Type:

Integration Brokerage Software Market Split By Application:

As part of our quantitative analysis, we have provided regional market forecast and estimate by type and application, market sales forecast and estimate by type, application and region by 2030, and forecast and Global sales and production estimates for Integration Brokerage Software by 2030. Analysis, we focused on policy & regulatory scenarios, component benchmarking, technology landscape, important market topics as well as industry landscape and trends.

We also focused on technological advance, profitability, company size, company valuation against industry and product and application analysis against market growth and market share.

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Scope of the Integration Brokerage Software Market Report

Report attribute Details
Market size available for years 2022 – 2030
Base year considered 2021
Historical data 2018 – 2021
Forecast period 2022 – 2030
Quantitative units Revenue in USD Million and CAGR from 2022 to 2030
Segments Covered Types, applications, end users, and more.
Report cover Revenue Forecast, Business Ranking, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors and Trends
Regional scope North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Scope of customization Free report customization (equivalent to up to 8 analyst business days) with purchase. Added or changed country, region and segment scope.
Pricing and purchase options Take advantage of personalized purchasing options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options

Regional Integration Brokerage Software Market Analysis can be represented as follows:

This part of the report assesses key regional and country-level markets on the basis of market size by type and application, key players, and market forecast.

Based on geography, the global integration brokerage software market has been segmented as follows:

    • North America includes the United States, Canada and Mexico
    • Europe includes Germany, France, UK, Italy, Spain
    • South America includes Colombia, Argentina, Nigeria and Chile
    • Asia Pacific includes Japan, China, Korea, India, Saudi Arabia and Southeast Asia

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TKS Conference on “Embracing Diversity” The call for integration sounds – The Sangai Express https://integration.org.ua/tks-conference-on-embracing-diversity-the-call-for-integration-sounds-the-sangai-express/ Fri, 29 Apr 2022 19:29:26 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/tks-conference-on-embracing-diversity-the-call-for-integration-sounds-the-sangai-express/

Mungchan Zimik
Ukhrul, April 29: Nagas living in Manipur, Nagaland and Myanmar came together to renew the emotional attachment of people spread across the two countries and states to Kachai village during the 31st General Conference of Tangkhul Katamnao Saklong.
Traveling more than 150 km, the secretary of Myanmar’s Tangkhul Naga Literary and Cultural Committee, Chingpoh Khashung, supported the call to integrate all contiguous Naga regions of India and Myanmar and live under one administration.
There are nine officially recognized Naga tribes in Myanmar living in Sagiang Division, he said and added that in India, Naga are spread across Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur and Nagaland.
Educated in India, Chingpoh became a community leader in Myanmar. A cultural troupe accompanied him on the trip to Kachai to exhibit cultural dances and folk songs to revitalize the bond of love and strengthen brotherly relations among Nagas.
A song echoing “The Nagas beyond the borders are united in spirit and cannot be separated by any external force” was presented for the occasion.
NSF President Kegwayhun Tep appreciated the Tangkhuls for their immense contribution to the Naga political movement, noting that they have always played a pivotal role in maintaining Naga identity politically, socially and culturally.
Kegwayhun expressed his confidence that the TKS conference will convince the young Naga to prepare for many challenges and issues that people are currently facing. A discussion and deliberation session on the theme “Embracing Diversity” also took place. ]]>