Political integration – Integration http://integration.org.ua/ Tue, 30 Aug 2022 23:15:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://integration.org.ua/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/cropped-icon-32x32.png Political integration – Integration http://integration.org.ua/ 32 32 The meeting focuses on media integration https://integration.org.ua/the-meeting-focuses-on-media-integration/ Tue, 30 Aug 2022 23:15:00 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/the-meeting-focuses-on-media-integration/

The 2022 Chinese New Media Conference will be held from August 30 to 31 in Changsha, Hunan Province. [Photo/VCG]

Top official urges industry to stick to the right direction and deliver quality content

A senior official on Tuesday called for accelerating the development of integrated media to pool more strength to achieve unity and progress.

Huang Kunming, member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and head of the Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee, made the remarks while addressing the opening ceremony of the New Media Conference via video link. chinese 2022.

Significant progress and achievements have been made in mainstreaming China’s media since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012, improving the all-media system and spreading the Party’s voice to a wider audience, said he declared.

Stronger measures should be taken to promote integrated media development, he said. The centrally and provincially administered media should make new progress in the sector, the city-level media should make progress in integration, and the county-level media should improve their effectiveness and efficiency, he said. .

The media should stick to the right direction, focus on quality content, and promote and explain the strength and practice of the Party’s innovative theories, Huang said.

He also called for boosting the vitality of integrated development and building a clean and well-governed cyberspace characterized by collaboration, participation and benefit-sharing.

The 2022 China New Media Conference, organized by the All-China Association of Journalists and the Publicity Department of the CPC Hunan Provincial Committee, opened on Tuesday in Changsha, Hunan Province.

He Ping, chairman of the All-China Journalists Association, said the organization will guide journalists to stick to the right policy direction and use all media platforms to show historic achievements made since then. the 18th CPC National Congress, to stimulate strong energy of the Party and the whole society to make contributions in the new era.

Mainstream media should play a major role in shaping public opinion and serving the people, he said.

Sun Shangwu, deputy editor of China Daily, said that due to the mobile, social and visual nature of new media, more efforts are needed to tell China’s story as well as the spirit and force behind it to a global audience.

As China’s national English-language newspaper and the main force of global communication, China Daily has been focusing on building a credible China with facts and objective storytelling, a lovely China highlighting cultural communication and building influential cultural intellectual properties, and a respectable China with in-depth analysis. the importance of the country’s solutions and plans for the world, Sun said.

Zeng Xiangmin, professor of television and journalism at the Communication University of China, said nearly 95 percent of media outlets surveyed by the university have established integrated media centers and an evaluation system of all media has been set up based on the number of new media channels. opened and the number of followers.

Mainstream media have been actively using new technologies, such as 5G, artificial intelligence and holographic images to produce and broadcast new media content, he said.

They focused on cultivating young talents in new media, showcasing individuals’ multitasking abilities and teamwork, Zeng said.

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German Chancellor Scholz calls for the integration of Ukraine and Georgia into the EU https://integration.org.ua/german-chancellor-scholz-calls-for-the-integration-of-ukraine-and-georgia-into-the-eu/ Mon, 29 Aug 2022 13:27:18 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/german-chancellor-scholz-calls-for-the-integration-of-ukraine-and-georgia-into-the-eu/

Published on:

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz pledged strong support for Ukraine and other candidates for EU membership, stressing however that expanding the bloc to “30 or 36” would require reforms.

Speaking on Monday, Scholz said he was “committed” to bringing the six Western Balkan nations, Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine, into the EU.

However, according to Scholz, as the bloc grew larger, each member’s right to veto should be accompanied by a transition to a “majority voting” system so as not to hamper the decision-making of the EU.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has already tested the unanimity system, at a time when prompt action is all the more necessary.


“Let us seek compromises together. I could imagine, for example, starting with majority voting in areas where it is particularly important that we speak with one voice – in penalty policy for example, or on human rights issues,” he said.

Scholz added that member states are not faced with just two yes-or-no voting options, but can also adopt “constructive abstention”.

The EU accepted candidacy status for Ukraine and Moldova in June, while Albania and North Macedonia joined Balkan neighbors Serbia and Montenegro in July in formal peace talks. membership with Brussels.

But the path to membership was expected to be long, and in the meantime, Scholz said European hopefuls should be included in a new political forum, as French President Emmanuel Macron has suggested “to discuss key issues affecting our continent as a whole”. .

“Coordinated Growth”

In the speech on his vision of the block to Charles University in PragueScholz also pointed out that the war in Ukraine has laid bare the “uncoordinated shrinkage of European armed forces and defense budgets” which must be corrected by “coordinated growth”.

This means greater cooperation between European companies on armaments projects, joint manufacturing and procurement.

Germany will “very significantly” accelerate its air defense systemand also design it in such a way that it can also be a shield for European neighbors from the Baltic to Scandinavia.

Although a long-term project, Berlin was already coordinating with the Netherlands a ‘division of labour’ on arming Ukraine, Scholz said as he urged other allies to join the initiative.

(with newswires)

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Deputy Chief of Party / Behavioral Integration Advisor – Ghana https://integration.org.ua/deputy-chief-of-party-behavioral-integration-advisor-ghana/ Wed, 24 Aug 2022 20:40:29 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/deputy-chief-of-party-behavioral-integration-advisor-ghana/

Chemonics is seeking a Deputy Chief of Party/Behavioral Integration Advisor for the planned five-year USAID-funded Low Cost Private Schools (LCPS) activity in Ghana. The purpose of the activity is to enable owners, teachers, communities, financial organizations, professional networks and the Government of Ghana (GoG) to improve student learning outcomes and financing options for LCPS. The activity focuses on selected LCPS in USAID’s Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS) Zone of Influence (ZOI)1 in Northern Ghana. This position will be based in Ghana. We are looking for people who are passionate about making a difference in the lives of people around the world.

Responsibilities include:

  • Serve in an LCPS project leadership capacity, working closely with the Chief of Party and project team to ensure smooth and efficient implementation of all project activities
  • Oversee LCPS project support to improve teaching and learning by increasing certification, providing access to continuing education and implementing service delivery improvements
  • Lead the integration of behavior change strategy into activity goals with a focus on improving student, teacher and school performance
  • Formulate productive and collaborative working relationships with USAID, contractors, and project personnel, to promote a supportive and collegial work environment
  • Perform additional tasks as required by project management

Qualifications:

  • Advanced degree in social sciences and six years of experience designing and implementing evidence-based social and behavior change strategies in West or Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Experience integrating gender, disability inclusion and equity into programming

How to register

Please send an email with your CV and cover letter attached and “Deputy Leader of the Party/Behavioral Integration Advisor” in the subject line to GhanaLCPSOpportunities@chemonics.com by Wednesday 31st August 2022. finalists will be contacted on an ongoing basis. No telephone inquiries, please.

Chemonics is an equal opportunity employer and does not discriminate in its selection and employment practices on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, or other factors not linked to merit.

Chemonics takes the protection of your personal data very seriously. If you are in the European Union, please read our EU Recruitment Data Privacy Notice to learn how we process personal data. You can access the notice via the following link: https://chemonics.com/eu-recruiting-data-privacy-notice/.

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CDA Offers National Unity, Integration, Peace, Security – DG Campaign https://integration.org.ua/cda-offers-national-unity-integration-peace-security-dg-campaign/ Fri, 19 Aug 2022 13:25:48 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/cda-offers-national-unity-integration-peace-security-dg-campaign/

The African Democratic Congress (ADC) is poised to achieve national unity, integration, peaceful co-existence and security among Nigerians, if elected to power in 2023, the campaign’s chief executive has said. CDA World Cup, Alhaji Abdul-Azeez Suleiman.

Addressing the launch of the North West Section of the Party’s Unity, Peace and Development Lecture Series at Arewa House, Kaduna on Wednesday, which was attended by the party’s National Chairman, Chief Ralph Okey Nwosu, Abdul-Azeez said unlike other political parties which fight for parochial interests, the ADC focuses on the challenges of ethno-religious division which has given rise to “multiple Nigerians” where each is concerned only with himself and his tribe or religion, to the detriment of others.

“ADC preaches unity, promotes cooperation and opens up opportunities through which different parties will come together to function as one. The symbolic handshake on the CDA logo suggests national integration to promote peace and harmony in society and reduce areas of conflict between different groups. ADC stands for national unity and integration ensuring the safety of lives and property of citizens against internal and external attack. If there is national unity and integration, the resources of different ethnic groups could be harnessed and enjoyed jointly.

“This gathering, in this unique place in the history of the North, whose symbolism is profound, represents the culmination of activities that will lay the foundations for the collapse of this citadel of bad governance, indifference, insensitivity and of unprecedented looting that has characterized successive administrations in Nigeria since the end of the first republic, months after Nigerian youth gathered to deliver a verdict on their future in the February 2023 elections.

“Today’s meeting will mark the cornerstone of a massive mobilization of a people desperate for credible and accountable leadership, to challenge decades of entrenched feelings that have fueled the fiction that there are many Nigerias, the Nigeria of the Yoruba, Nigeria of the Igbo, and Nigeria of the Hausa/Fulani; Nigeria of the Muslims and Nigeria of the Christians. Nigeria is made up of more than 300 ethnic groups with varied cultures. And for Nigeria to develop, it must come together so that each member has a common sense of belonging.

“The country can only experience development if there is adequate security. Foreign investors will establish industries when they are convinced that the properties will not be destroyed because of political, religious or ethnic crises. What is important is to claim to be Nigerian and to have Nigerian interests and concerns without reluctance or shame. Our ancient leaders charted a glorious path for our development as a people and then imbibed the culture of coexistence.

“One of the biggest problems in Nigeria today is that politicians do not do politics for the benefit of the nation, but rather to achieve their personal interests at the expense of the people. ADC offers convenient options through which Nigerians can live and work together in any part of the country and promote a sense of brotherhood and love between different cultures. Safety and security are central to the prosperity of any nation. Citizens want to feel safe. But today, security is challenged in all aspects of our daily lives and trust in the institutions that should keep us safe is low,” he said.

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Phillips 66 Enhances NGL Platform with Wellhead-to-Market Integration Thanks to Increased Economic Interest in DCP Midstream https://integration.org.ua/phillips-66-enhances-ngl-platform-with-wellhead-to-market-integration-thanks-to-increased-economic-interest-in-dcp-midstream/ Wed, 17 Aug 2022 21:02:03 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/phillips-66-enhances-ngl-platform-with-wellhead-to-market-integration-thanks-to-increased-economic-interest-in-dcp-midstream/

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  • Aligns strategic interests through the restructuring of joint ventures

  • Increases economic interest in DCP Midstream, LP

  • Enhances existing NGL platform through value chain integration

  • Transaction concluded and closed on August 17, 2022

HOUSTON–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Philips 66 (NYSE:PSX) today announced a realignment of its economic and governance interests in DCP Midstream, LP (DCP Midstream) (NYSE:DCP) and Gray Oak Pipeline, LLC (Gray Oak Pipeline) through the merger of existing joint ventures held with Enbridge Inc. (Enbridge).

Phillips 66 has increased its economic interest in DCP Midstream from 28.26% to 43.31% and will oversee and manage the joint venture’s interest in DCP Midstream, including the general partner. Phillips 66’s economic interest in Gray Oak Pipeline decreased from 42.25% to 6.50%. Enbridge will oversee and manage the joint venture’s interest in the Gray Oak Pipeline. As part of the transaction, Phillips 66 contributed approximately $400 million in cash. The transaction is expected to be earnings accretive.

“We are building our integrated NGL business to further strengthen our competitive position, while creating operational and commercial synergies,” said Mark Lashier, President and CEO of Phillips 66. “DCP is a valued company in our portfolio and enhances our existing value chain from wellhead to market, creating a platform for future NGL growth. We remain focused on operational excellence and disciplined capital allocation to create sustainable value for our shareholders.

DCP Midstream is a master limited partnership with a diversified portfolio of assets, engaged in the business of gathering, processing, transporting, storing and marketing natural gas, and transporting, fractionating and marketing liquids of natural gas. Phillips 66 and Enbridge hold their general partner and limited partner interests of DCP Midstream through DCP Midstream, LLC.

Gray Oak Holdings, LLC, a joint venture between Phillips 66 and Enbridge, was merged with and into DCP Midstream, LLC. The joint venture continues to own 65% of the Gray Oak Pipeline crude oil system with a capacity of 900,000 barrels per day of crude oil from the Permian and Eagle Ford Basins in West Texas to the US Gulf Coast.

The transaction was concluded and closed on August 17, 2022. BofA Securities, Inc. acted as exclusive financial advisor to Phillips 66. Bracewell LLP acted as legal advisor and Gibson Dunn & Crutcher LLP acted as advisor special tax from Phillips 66. For more information on this operation, refer to the Strategic Joint Venture Update available on the Phillips 66 Investors website, phillips66.com/investors.

CAUTION FOR FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This press release contains certain forward-looking statements. Words and phrases such as “expected”, “estimated”, “expected”, “expected”, “scheduled”, “targeted”, “believes”, “continues”, “intends”, “will”, ” would”, “objectives”, “goals”, “plans”, “efforts”, “strategies” and similar expressions are used to identify such forward-looking statements. However, the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not is not forward-looking. The forward-looking statements included in this release are based on management’s expectations, estimates and projections as of the date they are made. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and should not be relied upon. undue reliance on them because they involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. As a result, actual results may differ materially from what is expressed or anticipated in these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this press release include, but are not limit, dice statements regarding the expected benefits of the potential transaction to Phillips 66 and its shareholders and DCP Midstream and its unitholders, as well as the expected completion of the proposed transaction and the timing thereof. . Factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements include: uncertainties as to the timing of the potential transaction; the effects of disruption to the respective businesses of Phillips 66 or DCP Midstream; the effect of such communication on the price of Phillips 66 shares or DCP Midstream common units; transaction costs; Phillips 66’s ability to profit from the proposed transaction; and the diversion of management’s time on transaction-related matters. Other factors that could cause actual results to differ from those in the forward-looking statements include: the effects of any widespread public health crisis and its adverse impact on business activity and demand for refined petroleum products; failure to timely obtain or maintain necessary permits for capital projects; changes to global government policies related to renewable fuels and greenhouse gas emissions that negatively impact programs such as the Renewable Fuels Standards Program, Low Carbon Fuel Standards and tax credits for biofuels; fluctuations in NGL, crude oil and natural gas prices and petrochemical and refining margins; unexpected changes in the costs of constructing, modifying or operating our facilities; unexpected difficulties in the manufacture, refining or transportation of our products; the level and success of drilling and production volumes around our Midstream assets; risks and uncertainties regarding the actions of actual or potential competing suppliers and carriers of refined petroleum products, renewable fuels or specialty products; the absence or disruption of adequate and reliable transportation for our NGLs, crude oil, natural gas and refined products; potential liability in the event of litigation or remedial action, including removal and restoration obligations under environmental regulations; failure to complete construction of capital projects on time and within budget; failure to comply with government regulations or make capital expenditures to maintain compliance; limited access to capital or a significantly higher cost of capital related to illiquidity or uncertainty in domestic or international financial markets; potential disruption to our operations due to accidents, weather events, including as a result of climate change, terrorism or cyber attacks; general national and international economic and political developments, including armed hostilities, expropriation of assets and other political, economic or diplomatic developments, including those caused by public health concerns and international monetary conditions and the exchange control; changes in government policies relating to NGLs, crude oil, natural gas, refined petroleum products or renewable fuels pricing, regulation or taxation, including exports; changes in estimates or projections used to assess the fair value of intangible assets, goodwill and property, plant and equipment and/or strategic decisions regarding our portfolio of assets that result in impairment charges; required investments or reduced demand for products due to environmental rules and regulations; changes in tax, environmental and other laws and regulations (including alternative energy mandates); political and societal concerns about climate change that could cause changes to our business or increase expenses, including litigation-related expenses; operating, financing and distribution decisions of equity-accounted companies that we do not control; and other economic, business, competitive and/or regulatory factors affecting Phillips 66’s business generally, as disclosed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Phillips 66 is under no obligation (and expressly disclaims any such obligation) to update or change its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

About Philips 66

Phillips 66 (NYSE:PSX) manufactures, transports and markets products that drive the global economy. The diversified energy company’s portfolio includes midstream, chemical, refining and marketing and specialty businesses. Headquartered in Houston, Phillips 66 has employees around the world who are committed to providing safe and reliable energy and improving lives while pursuing a low-carbon future. For more information, visit phillips66.com or follow @Phillips66Co on LinkedIn Where Twitter.

Jeff Dietert (investors)

832-765-2297

[email protected]

Shannon Holy (investors)

832-765-2297

[email protected]

Thaddeus Herrick (media)

855-841-2368

[email protected]

Source: Philips 66

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WORLDVIEW: Has CARICOM reached its limits of regional integration? https://integration.org.ua/worldview-has-caricom-reached-its-limits-of-regional-integration/ Mon, 15 Aug 2022 20:48:40 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/worldview-has-caricom-reached-its-limits-of-regional-integration/

By SIR RONALD SANDERS

So far, in this attempt to answer the question “Has CARICOM reached its limits of regional integration”, it has been established that after nearly 50 years, the regional project has not succeeded to fulfill the commitments expected from the Treaty of Chaguaramas of 1973 and its Revision in 2001.

In summary, while the 2001 revision of the CARICOM Treaty laid the foundations for a single economic space (the Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME), attempts at regional integration have made very little headway Not even a customs union, let alone a common market has been established.

The “sovereignty” of individual states continues to be the dominant feature of decision-making, resulting in inadequate or non-existent implementation of regional decisions. The Secretariat, which got off to a flying start under William Demas and Alister McIntyre (two highly respected Caribbean personalities), and with the enthusiastic support of member governments at the time, descended into paralysis and bureaucratic management, in addition to being poorly funded.

Moreover, CARICOM has expanded prematurely instead of focusing on deepening its integration. Haiti’s admission in 2002 caused trade and economic integration problems – problems that are unlikely to be resolved in the foreseeable future. Additionally, successive governments in Haiti have violated the 1997 CARICOM Civil Society Charter regarding free and fair elections, good governance, and civil and political rights. The Bahamas is not a member of the Common Market aspects of CARICOM. Although it has participated beneficially in some aspects of ‘functional cooperation’, its governments have been inconsistent in coordinating foreign policy with other CARICOM states.

Jamaica has consistently questioned the benefits of its own membership in CARICOM, focusing solely on its trade with Trinidad and Tobago and ignoring the fact that it enjoys a large trade surplus with all the other states in the CARICOM, especially those who are also members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Depending also on the political party in power, Jamaican governments have chosen to do very little coordination of their foreign policy positions.

The 2017 Jamaican Commission, led by former Prime Minister Bruce Golding, which reviewed Jamaica’s relationship with CARICOM, recommended that unless fundamental changes were made to CARICOM processes, Jamaica should “withdraw from the CSME” but retain a membership “similar to that of The Bahamas”. This latest event would place Jamaica in the same semi-detached position as the Bahamas, further weakening the Organization. It should be noted, however, that the Golding report contained many valid observations and remarks regarding the reform of CARICOM, particularly with regard to the implementation of its decisions.

In 2003, 14 years before the Golding report, another Jamaican Prime Minister, PJ Patterson, a committed regionalist, proposed to a meeting of CARICOM Heads of Government a mechanism to facilitate deeper regional integration. Seemingly convinced, the leaders adopted “the Rose Hall declaration”. However, even then there were signs of reluctance and reluctance, with a prime minister insisting on accepting Rose Hall’s statement “in principle”, not in practice. The Declaration was never executed.

This led Sir Shridath Ramphal, the former Caribbean statesman who chaired the 1992 West India Commission, to observe in 2014 that nothing came of the Declaration because it offered “a regionalism which, for all its checks and balances to supranationality, was still too much for the cloistered immaturity of a political culture fixed by the obsessive compulsions of local control”. Sir Shridath also remarked today with poignant resonance that if regional leaders had implemented the mechanism proposed by PJ Patterson, “many of our countries would not know the extent of the terrible economic misfortune and uncertainty that ‘they are currently enduring’.

Realistically, the challenges facing CARICOM countries, including Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname with their current oil and gas wealth, are that none of them individually enjoys lasting economic independence. Each of them depends on aid for social and economic development and security in all its dimensions. Consequently, this dependence deprives each of them of true political independence. As the late Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, Lester Bird, said in 1992, “No small state, severely limited in its natural, human and financial resources, can function as a a great country. It is an unrealistic approach to problem solving and decision making in a world that has embraced economic alliances, mergers and the creation of single regional markets as means of survival”.

Considering all this, CARICOM has not reached its limits of regional integration; indeed, CARICOM has barely scratched the surface of the economic and political benefits of integration.

Current leaders in the region must navigate their countries through the maelstrom of high debt, persistently poor terms of trade, insufficient access to concessional development finance, high imported costs for food and energy, inadequate technological infrastructure and the impact of climate change. While some of them, with oil and gas in particular, can weather this storm for now, the underlying weaknesses of smaller individual economies will persist. A resolute approach to deepening regional integration with effective implementation mechanisms is the only answer.

Membership of a “Caribbean community of sovereign states” should not change. But its leaders should at least recognize that “sovereignty” is only beneficial if it has strength in the face of an international community. Many member states of the international community are fed up with the constant demands on their taxpayers’ money from small, powerless states. They themselves have pursued integration as their salvation, for example, in the European Union, the federation of the United States of America, the federation of Canada, the federation of Mexico and the federation of Brazil.

While the Federation is now too fear-infused contemplation, at least deeper integration must be a priority and a commitment of leadership as CARICOM’s 60th anniversary approaches. Leaders might usefully consider adapting one of the recommendations of the Golding Commission, “to appoint an oversight body composed of three to five eminent CARICOM nationals to review CARICOM’s performance and, in particular, the compliance of Member States… “. The review could be considered in July 2023 and made public. There is no shortage of solid and authoritative work that would aid the review.

As renowned Caribbean historian Dr. Eric Williams, who led his country, Trinidad and Tobago, to independence following the breakup of the West Indies Federation advised with compelling foreknowledge in 1962 “Separation and fragmentation were the policy of colonialism and rival colonialisms. Association and integration must be the policy of independence.

• Previous responses and comments: www.sirronaldsanders.com.

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Has CARICOM reached its limits of regional integration? Part 3 https://integration.org.ua/has-caricom-reached-its-limits-of-regional-integration-part-3/ Sat, 13 Aug 2022 21:43:37 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/has-caricom-reached-its-limits-of-regional-integration-part-3/
By Sir Ronald Sanders

(The author is Antigua and Barbuda’s Ambassador to the United States and the OAS. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, and Massey College, University of Toronto. Opinions expressed are entirely his own)

So far, in this attempt to answer the question “Has CARICOM reached its limits of regional integration“, it has been established that after nearly 50 years, the regional project has not succeeded to fulfill the commitments expected from the Treaty of Chaguaramas of 1973 and its Revision in 2001.

In summary, while the 2001 revision of the CARICOM Treaty laid the foundations for a single economic space (the Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME), attempts at regional integration have made very little headway Not even a customs union, let alone a common market has been established.

The “sovereignty” of individual states continues to be the dominant feature of decision-making, resulting in inadequate or non-existent implementation of regional decisions. The Secretariat, which got off to a flying start under William Demas and Alister McIntyre (two highly respected Caribbean personalities), and with the enthusiastic support of member governments at the time, descended into paralysis and bureaucratic management, in addition to being poorly funded.

Moreover, CARICOM has expanded prematurely instead of focusing on deepening its integration. Haiti’s admission in 2002 caused trade and economic integration problems – problems that are unlikely to be resolved in the foreseeable future. Additionally, successive governments in Haiti have violated the 1997 CARICOM Civil Society Charter regarding free and fair elections, good governance, and civil and political rights. The Bahamas is not a member of the Common Market aspects of CARICOM. Although it has participated beneficially in some aspects of ‘functional cooperation’, its governments have been inconsistent in coordinating foreign policy with other CARICOM states.

Jamaica has consistently questioned the benefits of its own participation in CARICOM, focusing the problems on its trade with Trinidad and Tobago only and ignoring the fact that it enjoys a large trade surplus with all the other states of CARICOM, especially those who are also members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Depending also on the political party in power, Jamaican governments have chosen to do very little coordination of their foreign policy positions.

The 2017 Jamaican Commission, led by former Prime Minister Bruce Golding, which reviewed Jamaica’s relationship with CARICOM, recommended that unless fundamental changes were made to CARICOM processes, Jamaica should “withdraw from the CSME” but retain a membership “similar to that of The Bahamas”. This latest event would place Jamaica in the same semi-detached position as the Bahamas, further weakening the Organization. It should be noted, however, that the Golding report contained many valid observations and remarks regarding the reform of CARICOM, particularly with regard to the implementation of its decisions.

In 2003, fourteen years before the Golding report, another Jamaican Prime Minister, PJ Patterson, a committed regionalist, proposed to a meeting of CARICOM Heads of Government a mechanism to facilitate deeper regional integration. Seemingly convinced, the leaders adopted “the Rose Hall declaration”. However, even then there were signs of reluctance and reluctance, with a prime minister insisting on accepting the Rose Hall Declaration “in principle”, not in practice. The Declaration was never executed.

This led Sir Shridath Ramphal, the former Caribbean statesman who chaired the 1992 West India Commission, to observe in 2014 that nothing came of the Declaration because it offered “a regionalism which, for all its checks and balances to supranationality, was still too much for the cloistered immaturity of a political culture fixed by the obsessive compulsions of local control”. Sir Shridath also remarked today with poignant resonance that if regional leaders had implemented the mechanism proposed by PJ Patterson, “many of our countries would not know the extent of the terrible economic misfortune and uncertainty that ‘they are currently enduring’.

Realistically, the challenges facing CARICOM countries, including Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname with their current oil and gas wealth, are that none of them individually enjoys lasting economic independence. Each of them is dependent on aid for social and economic development and security in all its dimensions. Consequently, this dependence deprives each of them of true political independence. As the late Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, Lester Bird, said in 1992, “No small state, severely limited in its natural, human and financial resources, can function as if it were a great country. [-] It is an unrealistic approach to problem solving and decision making in a world that has embraced economic alliances, mergers and the creation of single regional markets as means of survival”.

Considering all this, CARICOM has not reached its limits of regional integration; indeed, CARICOM has barely scratched the surface of the economic and political benefits of integration.

Current leaders in the region must navigate their countries through the maelstrom of high debt, persistently poor terms of trade, insufficient access to concessional development finance, high imported costs for food and energy, inadequate technological infrastructure and the impact of climate change. While some of them, with oil and gas in particular, can weather this storm for now, the underlying weaknesses of smaller individual economies will persist. A resolute approach to deepening regional integration with effective implementation mechanisms is the only answer.

Membership of a “Caribbean community of sovereign states” should not change. But its leaders should at least recognize that “sovereignty” is only beneficial if it has strength in the face of an international community. Many member states of the international community are fed up with constant demands on their taxpayers’ money from small, powerless states. They themselves have pursued integration as their salvation, for example, in the European Union, the federation of the United States of America, the federation of Canada, the federation of Mexico and the federation of Brazil.

While the Federation is now too fear-infused contemplation, at least deeper integration must be a priority and a commitment of leadership as CARICOM’s 60th anniversary approaches. Leaders might usefully consider adapting one of the recommendations of the Golding Commission, “to appoint an oversight body composed of three to five eminent CARICOM nationals to review CARICOM’s performance and, in particular, the compliance of Member States… “. The review could be considered in July 2023 and made public. There is no shortage of solid and authoritative work that would aid the review.

As renowned Caribbean historian Dr. Eric Williams, who led his country, Trinidad and Tobago, to independence following the breakup of the West Indies Federation advised with compelling foreknowledge in 1962 “Separation and fragmentation were the policy of colonialism and rival colonialisms. Association and integration must be the policy of independence”.

Previous answers and comments:

www.sirronaldsanders.com

]]> Survey: Measuring Metrology Integration Across the Country https://integration.org.ua/survey-measuring-metrology-integration-across-the-country/ Fri, 12 Aug 2022 19:00:00 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/survey-measuring-metrology-integration-across-the-country/ The 1970s were a time of change in Canada, not only politically and sociologically, but also in the way we measured things.

The 1970s were a time of change in Canada, not only politically and sociologically, but also in the way we measured things.

The process of metrication took over a decade and eventually saw Canadians abandon the imperial measurement system and adopt the international metric system.

Metrics had its challenges from the start. Not all Canadians were thrilled with the idea of ​​having to convert miles to kilometres. There was even a particular protest from Progressive Conservative MPs, who established a “free to measure” gas station in Ontario that sold gasoline in imperial gallons.

Research Co. and Glacier Media surveyed Canadians about how they measure things in their daily lives and found that a significant proportion of the country’s people still look to Empire before they know how to operate a oven or how fast to drive a vehicle.

Nationally, 74% of Canadians say they measure a person’s weight in pounds, while only 24% rely on kilograms. No region of the country focuses primarily on the international metric system for this business. The popularity of books is undeniable, ranging from a high of 91% in Atlantic Canada to a low of 72% in Alberta.

More than four in five Canadians (84%) use liters to measure liquid in a container, while only 16% prefer to focus on pints and gallons. There is a significant age gap on this issue. While the proportion of Canadians aged 18-34 and 35-54 who think of pints and gallons is negligible (9% and 7%, respectively), the numbers jump to 32% among those 55 and older.

When it comes to heat, the country seems to like both systems at different times. We find that 77% of Canadians measure the temperature outside their homes in degrees Celsius. Again, Canadians aged 55 and older are more likely to watch degrees Fahrenheit (30%, compared to the Canadian average of 23%).

One would assume that Canadians would maintain their penchant for Celsius when cooking, but the numbers change. Only 41% of Canadians measure their oven temperature in Celsius, while a majority (59%) rely on Fahrenheit – the same unit not abandoned for weather.

Among Canadians aged 55 and older, reliance on Fahrenheit for cooking is 68%. Canadians aged 18-34, who lived their entire lives after metrics ended in 1985, are split: 53% look at Fahrenheit before putting food in an oven, while 47% prefer Celsius .

One of the key elements of metrification was, as the name clearly indicates, meters. Few Canadians have adopted it. Only one in five of us (20%) measure a person’s height in meters and centimeters, while a large majority (80%) look in feet and inches.

When measuring speeds and distances, Canadians are more likely to avoid the Empire. More than four in five (82%) measure the speed of a vehicle in kilometers per hour and almost three in four (74%) rely on kilometers to calculate the distance between two places. As expected, Canadians aged 55 and older are more likely to resist the international metric system in each of these two areas: 26% still measure speed in miles per hour and 40% measure distance in miles.

When Canadians are asked to return to the imperial measurement system, a majority (56%) think it is something that should not be considered, while around three in 10 (29%) would welcome the change.

The majority of Canadians in all three age groups believe that now is not the time to abandon the international metric system, but opinions are more nuanced by region. Ontario leads in resistance to change (62%), followed by British Columbia (58%), Alberta (57%) and Manitoba and Saskatchewan (55%). The proportions are lower in Atlantic Canada (50%) and Quebec (48%).

Politically, there is no extreme will on the part of the ruling party or the opposition to backtrack. The majority of Canadians who voted for the Liberal Party of Canada (56%), the Conservative Party of Canada (55%) and the New Democratic Party (NDP) (54%) in last year’s federal election are not not ready to abandon the international metric system.

Decades after the end of metrication, few Canadians believe the country should revert to imperial measurements. Yet, as indicated by the variety of responses when we ask about daily activities, people do what they think is best, regardless of its official status. Many older Canadians continue to think of miles, feet and gallons, even though it baffles their younger counterparts.

Mario Canseco is president of Research Co.

The results are based on an online survey conducted August 1-3, 2022 of 1,000 adults in Canada. The data was statistically weighted according to Canadian census counts for age, sex and region. The margin of error, which measures sample variability, is plus or minus 3.1 percentage points, 19 times out of 20.

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Italian Prime Minister Draghi calls for faster European integration https://integration.org.ua/italian-prime-minister-draghi-calls-for-faster-european-integration/ Mon, 08 Aug 2022 17:05:20 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/italian-prime-minister-draghi-calls-for-faster-european-integration/

MEPs backed Mario Draghi’s call to reform the EU to ensure sustainable economic growth, during a ‘This is Europe’ debate in Strasbourg on 3 May.

“The EU is facing another ‘whatever it takes’ moment,” Parliament Speaker Roberta Metsola said during the presentation of Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi. She noted that he pulled the EU out of a crisis when he was president of the European Central Bank. “I have no doubt that we can again count on your experience as the EU faces another existential crisis.”

Prime Minister Draghi said the combination of the current crises in Europe – the war in Ukraine, rising energy prices and refugee arrivals – “forces us to speed up the integration process”. “We must show European citizens that we are capable of leading a Europe that lives up to its values, its history and its role in the world. He added: “We must go beyond the principle of unanimity (…) and move towards decisions taken by qualified majority”, for a “Europe capable of deciding in good time”.

Regarding Russian aggression against Ukraine, he said: “The priority is to reach a ceasefire as soon as possible.” “We want Ukraine in the EU,” he said. “We also need to proceed as quickly as possible.”

Draghi also proposed increasing coordination between national defense systems, strengthening the way the EU handles migration, as well as reducing fuel bills and prices and supporting salaries to help families.

You can look both speeches here.

Leaders of political groups

Reacting to the speech, MEPs praised Italy’s leadership and commitment to the EU, especially during the pandemic. They underlined that EU cooperation and solidarity are needed more than ever in light of Russian aggression and the other crises facing Europe, be it climate change or aid to refugees. MEPs underlined the importance of energy transition and independence as key to the EU’s long-term success as well as a measure to help Ukraine. You can look speeches by the leaders of political groups here.

You can watch the full discussion here.

This was the second in the series of ‘This is Europe’ debates on a common agenda for the future of Europe.

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UC 2 0 System Integration Market Rise in Research & Development Activities to Drive Market Cryptocurrency https://integration.org.ua/uc-2-0-system-integration-market-rise-in-research-development-activities-to-drive-market-cryptocurrency/ Mon, 08 Aug 2022 10:30:46 +0000 https://integration.org.ua/uc-2-0-system-integration-market-rise-in-research-development-activities-to-drive-market-cryptocurrency/

New Jersey, United States,- The Global UC 2 0 System Integration Market research offers in-depth analysis of the market throughout the course of the rising projection. The study includes a variety of further sections such as a review of opportunities and parties that are likely to have a serious impact in the future. This study offers a comprehensive analysis of the global UC 2 0 System Integration market. The market projections area unit of the report relies on substantial secondary analysis, primary interviews, and internal professional assessments. These market projections were created by analyzing the implications of various social, political, and monetary variables for the global UC 2 0 Systems Integration market due to existing market dynamics.

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Key Players Mentioned in the UC 2 0 System Integration Market Research Report:

Key players:

  • Avaya
  • Cisco Systems
  • Ericsson
  • Genband
  • Microsoft
  • mitel
  • NEC

Segment by types:

Segment by applications:

  • Telephony
  • Conference
  • Email and Messaging
  • Collaborative apps
  • Contact centers
  • CEBP

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UC 2 0 System Integration Market Report Scope:

Report attribute Details
Market size available for years 2022 – 2029
Base year considered 2021
Historical data 2018 – 2021
Forecast period 2022 – 2029
Quantitative units Revenue in USD Million and CAGR from 2022 to 2029
Segments Covered Types, applications, end users, and more.
Report cover Revenue Forecast, Business Ranking, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors and Trends
Regional scope North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Scope of customization Free report customization (equivalent to up to 8 analyst business days) with purchase. Added or changed country, region and segment scope.
Pricing and purchase options Take advantage of personalized purchasing options to meet your exact research needs. Explore purchase options

Regions are covered in UC System Integration Market Report 2 0 2022 to 2028

For a comprehensive understanding of market dynamics, the global UC 2 0 System Integration market is analyzed across key geographies, namely: North America (United States, Canada, and Mexico), Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia and Italy), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia), South America (Brazil, Argentina and Colombia), Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa). Each of these regions is analyzed based on market findings across major countries in these regions for macro-level market understanding.

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Contents:

Global UC 2 0 System Integration Market Introduction

– market summary

– Scope of the report

– Hypotheses

Executive Overview

Market Research Intelligence Research Methodology

– data processing

– Approval

– Primary interviews

– List of sources of information

Global UC 2 0 System Integration Market Outlook

– Insight

– Market dynamics

– Drivers

– Constraints

– Opportunities

– Porters 5 Force model

– Value chain analysis

Global UC 2 0 System Integration Market, By Product

Global UC 2 0 Systems Integration Market, By Application

Global UC 2 0 System Integration Market, By Earth Sciences

– North America

– Europe

– Asia Pacific

– rest of the planet

Competitive Landscape of Global UC Systems Integration Market 2 0

– Insight

– Company market ranking

– Key development methods

Company Profiles

Annex

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